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Cancer (Carcinoma)

An uncontrollable growth of abnormal, malignant cells in the body. There are over 100 different types of cancerous diseases, which can affect just about any part of the body.

Causes
Cancer typically occurs when normal body cells multiply too rapidly, being forced upon the body when they are not needed. The result of this phenomena produces a mass of cells, also called a tumor. These growths can either be benign (non-cancerous and non life threatening) or malignant (cancerous and able to spread life-threatening diseases).

Symptoms
Symptoms of this condition can vary depending on the type of cancer it is. As an individual’s condition progresses to a more advanced stage, common symptoms such as fever, fatigue, nausea and weight loss may be present. However, these may be more accurately described as responses to an individual’s cancer treatment or other ills associated with their disease.

Treatment Procedures
There are four main procedures to help treat cancer:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy – a type of treatment that uses chemical agents to destroy infections and diseases within the body.
  • Radiation therapy – the use of high-energy radiation to kill cancerous cells within the body.
  • Immunotherapy – a type of biologic treatment that stimulates certain parts of the immune system to fight diseases.
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Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

A technique used to help victims combat cardiac and help increase blood flow to the heart until professional medical attention arrives. This procedure involves three steps: chest compressions, unblocking the airways and administering breathes into the victim’s mouth.

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Carotid Endarterectomy

A surgical procedure used to remove plaque buildup from the carotid arteries in the neck. During the surgery, the artery is clamped around the blockage and a stent is inserted to maintain blood flow. Once the plaque is removed, the stent is taken out.

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Cellulitis

A spreading infection of the deep layers of the skin that usually begins as a small area where the skin has been broken open. This area begins to spread, however, causing symptoms such as fever, chills and sweats and swollen lymph nodes (“swollen glands”) near the area of infected skin.

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Cervical Fracture

A condition that exists when one or more of the vertebrae bones located in the neck are broken.

Causes
The neck bones can be subject to breaks due to any severe trauma to the neck. Many common causes include landing on the head and/or neck area from a fall, blows to the neck from a collision, diving into shallow water and sudden twists to the neck.

Symptoms
Cervical fractures can range from mild injuries with pain and swelling of the affected area, to very serious trauma such as paralysis to the arms and legs and even death.

Treatment Procedures
When incurring injury to the neck and/or head area, it is always wise to keep the injured area stable and immobile. This helps to prevent further damage from happening before proper medical attention can be acquired. For a less serious cervical fracture, a neck brace or collar may be supplied to keep the neck stable while it heals. For a more serious cervical fracture, surgery may be needed to realign the bones and hold them in place with the use of a metal rod or plate. Physical therapy may also be used to help strengthen the neck muscles.

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