A condition where bones become weak and brittle, characterized by a decrease in the density of a bone. As a result, the bone becomes porous and compressible.
Osteoporosis can be caused when more bone is lost more quickly than replaced. This process typically occurs when a person reaches 30 years old, when old bone begins to be lost more rapidly. This condition can also be caused when the mineral content of the bone decreases, causing the bone’s density to weaken. A deficiency in calcium and vitamin D are said to play a part in this degenerative process.
The most common symptom of osteoporosis is a bone fracture, where the bone may crack or collapse under pressure. A bone fracture is typically associated with pain, swelling and numbness to the injured area that may extend to other areas as well. If the fracture is severe, other organs may be injured, characterized by their own set of symptoms.
Although none of the available treatments for osteoporosis can cure the condition completely, certain treatment procedures can help with the prevention of bone fractures by reducing bone loss or by increasing bone density and strength. This is done typically through prescribing an injured person medications that stop bone loss or increase bone formation.