A type of kidney disease in which the part of the kidney that filters waste from the blood becomes damaged. When this occurs, the glomerular membrane is inflamed and becomes more permeable, allowing protein and blood cells to enter the filtrate. This ultimately results in protein in the urine (proteinuria) and hematuria.
The direct cause of glomerulonephritis is unknown. However, there are certain risk factors that make an individual more likely to contract this disease, including such things as a history of cancer, diabetes, history infections or viruses and blood disorders.
Glomerulonephritis can cause protein to the lost in the urine, swelling in certain areas of the body like the face, ankles or abdomen, blood in the urine, and loss of kidney function if it goes untreated.
This condition must be treated for in a quick and proper manner, or else the victim could suffer from loss of kidney function. Treatment varies depending on the cause of the disorder, and the type and severity of symptoms. Generally, a physician will prescribe certain medications to treat the disease, or recommend a special sugical procedure, called plasmapheresis, where the fluid part of the blood containing antibodies is removed and replaced with intravenous fluids or donated plasma.