A condition characterized by inflammation or swelling of the stomach lining. If the condition lasts for only a short time, it is called acute gastritis. It it lasts for an extended period of time (months or years) it is called chronic gastritis.
Common causes of gastritis include drinking too much alcohol, negative reactions from certain medications, infection of the stomach, extreme stress and abuse of certain drugs.
Gastritis can cause such symptoms as nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite and pain in the abdomen or upper part of the stomach.
In order to treat gastritis, it must first be determined what exactly is its cause. A physician may run certain tests to see where the problem is stemming from in order to have the patient eliminate it. For example, if a certain medication is causing the gastritis to occur, the doctor may order the patient to cease taking it. If a specific cause is not found, the doctor may prescribe certain medications (like antacids) to relieve the symptoms.