A condition where there is a break in any of the bones in the fingers. Fingers are constructed of ligaments (strong supportive tissue connecting bone to bone), tendons (attachment tissue from muscle to bone), and three bones called phalanges.
The three bones in each finger are named according to their relationship to the palm of the hand. The first bone, closest to the palm, is the proximal phalange; the second bone is the middle phalange; and the smallest and farthest from the hand is the distal phalange. The thumb does not have a middle phalange.
Because fingers are used for many everyday activities, they are at higher risk than other parts of the body for traumatic injury. Some causes of finger fractures stem from trauma to the finger, such as direct blows, falls and twists.
Another common cause of a finger fracture results from injury sustained in an automobile accident or motorcycle accident, where an individual is exposed to amounts of high exertion to the hand.
Mild to moderate pain, swelling, bruising, inability to move the finger and deformity at the injury site are common symptoms of a finger fracture.
Typical finger fractures can actually be fixed by having a doctor put the bones back into place without using surgery. However, more severe fractures may need the help of pins, screws or plates to hold the bone together. Most finger fractures require the injured individual to wear a split for a period of time in order to keep the finger immobilized.