Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer, which is named for the basal cells that lie at the base of the outer layer of skin. This type of cancer typically grows slowly and usually does not spread to other tissues in the body.
The primary cause of basal cell carcinoma is said to be prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. This is often the case when individuals are exposed to the sun—particularly over a period of time. Recent studies have also shown that this type of cancer growth can more likely result from a combination of sun exposure and genes specific to the individual.
Common symptoms an individual with basal cell carcinoma can have include a sore at the infected site, (that may crust and bleed to the touch without showing signs of change or healing) a red, itchy bump at the infected site or a pink-colored growth characterized by a slightly raised border and dip in the middle.
There are many different treatment procedures for patients with basal cell carcinoma, depending on the severity of the infected area. For minor growths, a physician can use liquid nitrogen to freeze it or perform a simple surgery procedure to remove it.
For deeper, more severe growths, a doctor may recommend a procedure called Mohs micrographic surgery or radiation therapy that both offer a controlled type of treatment offering a better cure rate for the patient.